Organizations & Background Information:
- US Environmental Protection Agency – What are Endocrine Disruptors?
- Natural Resource Defense Council – FAQs on Endocrine Disruptors
- National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences – Endocrine Disruptors
- The Endocrine Disruption Exchange – An endocrine disruptor-focused nonprofit founded by the leading expert in the field Dr. Theo Colburn.
- GreenFacts.com –Scientific Facts on Endocrine Disruptors
- Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission: Water Quality MD - http://www.wsscwater.com/home/jsp/content/qand-a.faces
- Fairfax County Water: Annual Reports: Water Quality - http://www.fcwa.org/water/water.htm
- Environmental Working Group – http://www.ewg.org/
- The Endocrine Disruption Exchange's List of Potential Endocrine Disruptors
- NPR's interview with the 2011 Protector of the Potomac award-winner and fish kill expert Dr. Vicki Blazer
- "Our Stolen Future" is a website for the groundbreaking 1996 book by the same title that first publicized the threat of endocrine disruptors
- EPA resource page on "Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) in Water"
- “Mortality of Centrarchid Fishes in the Potomac Drainage: Survey Results and Overview of Potential Contributing Factors". This 2011 article, co-authored by our very own riverkeeper Jeff Kelble and our 2011 Protector of the Potomac award-winner Vicki Blazer, explores fishkills in the Potomac River basin and their causes. It recently recieved the American Fisheries Society's 2011 Paper of the Year award. Download the report here.
- "H.R. 2521: Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals Exposure Elimination Act of 2011". On July 13, 2011 The Endocrine-Disruptng Chemicals Exposure Elimination Act of 2011 was introduced in the US Senate by Senator John Kerry (D-MA) and in the US House of Representatives by Congressman Jim Moran (D-VA). The act would strengten current chemical legislation and enhance research on endocrine disruptors. Read the bill here.
- Organic Compounds in Potomac River Water Used for Public Supply near Washington, D.C., 2003–05, US Geological Survey, November 2008
Organic compounds studied in this U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) assessment generally are man-made, including, in part, pesticides, solvents, gasoline hydrocarbons, personal-care and domestic-use products, and refrigerants and propellants. A total of 85 of 277 compounds were detected at least once among the 25 samples collected. Read more here.
From Endocrine Disruptors To Nanomaterials: Advancing Our Understanding Of Environmental Health To Protect Public Health, Health Affairs, 2011
Conceptual shifts in modern toxicology have changed the of environmental health science. There is a new understanding of the effects of exposure to chemicals at low doses, and in combination, and the impact
on human growth and development.
- Drugs found in Drinking Water, USA Today, Associated Press Report, 2008
A vast array of pharmaceuticals — including antibiotics, anti-convulsants, mood stabilizers and sex hormones — have been found in the drinking water supplies of at least 41 million Americans, an Associated Press investigation shows. To be sure, the concentrations of these pharmaceuticals are tiny, measured in quantities of parts per billion or trillion, far below the levels of a medical dose. Also, utilities insist their water is safe. But the presence of so many prescription drugs — and over-the-counter medicines like acetaminophen and ibuprofen — in so much of our drinking water is heightening worries among scientists of long-term consequences to human health.
- In Poisoned Waters, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Hedrick Smith examines the growing hazards to human health and the ecosystem."The '70s were a lot about, 'We're the good guys; we're the environmentalists; we're going to go after the polluters,' and it's not really about that anymore," Jay Manning, director of ecology for Washington state, tells FRONTLINE. "It's about the way we all live. And unfortunately, we are all polluters. I am; you are; all of us are."
Tools & Maps:
- A map of water suppliers' service areas in the metropolitan Washington area
- VPharma Calc is a tool that lets Virginia residents determine how mow many pharmaceutical chemicals are in their drinking supply
- EPA's ECHO Drinking Water Data Tool is a new tool that allows users to search for EPA compliance violations in drinking water supplies
- Pure Potomac Glossary